As noted in many verses throughout the Qur'an, prophets are human beings. They too lived under the same conditions as other people. They are also held responsible for commands and prohibitions. However, in addition to being humans, they have a few attributes which are natural results of them being prophets. These attributes are:
1.Sidk: "Sidk" means being upright. Every prophet is an upright and truthful person. They never lie. All prophets refrained from lying in their lives prior to prophecy as well.
2.Amana: "Amana" refers to being reliable. All prophets are trustworthy and reliable people.
3.Isma: "Isma" refers to being protected from sin. Prophets never, at any point in their lives, took part in sins that could be considered shirk (associating partners with Allah) or kufr (Denying Allah). They also did not intentionally commit any sins after receiving prophecy. Small mistakes they made because they are humans were rectified immediately through warnings from Allah. And this occurred so that their status as models to mankind is not marred.
4.Fatana: "Fatana" refers to prophets being smart, intelligent and alert. If prophets were not smart and intelligent they would not have been able to convince the people they addressed and cause communities to change.
5.Tabligh: "Tabligh" refers to Prophets' the complete conveyance of the commands and prohibitions they receive from Allah to the people.
It is an undisputed fact that prophets have the attributes of prophecy listed above. The followers of prophets have historically been more affected by their attributes as opposed to the miracles they exhibited, and many of those who believed in their message came to believe as a result of their personal traits. A person can't be thought of as a prophet and a liar; a prophet and unreliable; a prophet and an imbecile; a prophet and gratuitous and someone who selectively shares what is revealed to him. The thought of such things are in contradiction with the nature of prophecy.
Prophets mentioned in the Qur'an
Information on the number of prophets sent to mankind, beginning with the first prophet, Prophet Adam to the last prophet, Prophet Muhammad, is not made certain in the Holy Qur'an. (Surah Mu'min (40): 78). Prophet Muhammad in one hadith stated there have been 124,000 prophets sent to mankind. Muslims believe in every prophet from Prophet Adam to Prophet Muhammad(pbuh), without having knowledge of the number of the complete number of prophets sent to mankind.
The prophets whose names are mentioned in the Qur'an are: Adam, Idris, Nuh (Noah), Hud, Salih, Lut (Lot), Ibrahim (Abraham), Ismail (Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac), Yaqub, Shuaib, Yusuf (Joseph), Haroon (Aaron), Musa (Moses), Davud (David), Sulaiman (Solomon), Ayyub, Dhulkifl, Yunus, Ilyas, Elyesa, Zakariyya (Zakaria) , Yahya, Isa (Jesus) and Muhammad.
Five of these prophets are mentioned as Ulul Adhm, meaning (possessing perseverance) (Surah Shura (42): 13, Surah Al-Ahzab (33): 7). The term of Ulul Adhm are mentioned as an attribute of Prophets Muhammad, Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, and Isa (peace be upon them all) who all persevered in the face of the responsibilities and duty they shouldered, without showing any intimidation and fulfilling their role as conveying the message to people and demonstrating determination and patience in the face of all hardships.