Mawlid in Europe


Wednesday, March 17, 2010

Mawlid in Europe

ImageEvery year the birthday of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is celebrated with a variety of different activities in parts of Europe. In nearly every country of Europe, Muslim populations come together to meet on this blessed night, to pray and celebrate together. For instance, in recent years, women organizations in the UK have marked the occasion of the Mawlid. Commonly held in community centers, these programs begin with the recitation of the Holy Quran, and continue with speeches about the important role these organizations play in strengthening the bonds between Muslims; there is the a recitation of nasheeds (Islamic hymns) in different languages by Muslim women from various ethnic backgrounds. After the program, a feast is organized for the guests.


Furthermore, outside of London more extensive organizations that attract thousands of participants (men and women) hold celebrations all around in the country. A wide range of activities are arranged, such as conferences, lecture series, seminars, speech competitions, quizzes, Mawlid parades, recitation of the Holy Quran and praise and salaams to the Prophet.

In Spain, a European country with a very large Muslim population, the celebration of the birth of Prophet Muhammad dates back to the history of Andalusia. The Mawlid celebrations became an officially recognized holiday in Egypt and North Africa during the 10th - 11th centuries and after the holiday became popular in North Africa in the late 13th century (as it still is today), it quickly spread across to Nasrid Granada. It was traditional to celebrate the Mawlid in a festival mood; such celebrations occurred throughout the western Islamic world in the late Middle Ages as well.

In the past, celebrations in Andalusia were not very different from those in the Middle East. For instance, in the 14th century, the Mawlid celebrations in Granada were an all-night affair that lasted over twelve hours, beginning with the Maghrib prayer at sunset, and the night prayer of Isha', finally ending after the Fajr prayer at dawn the next morning. (1)

"The gastronomical aspect of the program included dinner, a late-night snack, and breakfast the next morning. A wide range of food was served to the guests. Dessert would have consisted of pastries made with sugar and rose water and fresh fruits, such as cherries and apples from Granada, dried figs from Almuñécar, and pomegranates and grapes from Málaga.

"Musical entertainment and dhikr demonstrations were performed by different Sufi orders all night long. In addition to the religious obligations of the three prayers and Quranic recitations, the evening's program also included qasidas, a style of medieval Islamic poetry, which were often performed by professional reciters rather than the authors themselves. Poems dealt with topics of astrology and horology (the study of time-keeping), where each hour of the festival would be ushered in with a new qasida." (2)


Germany and France, countries where  large populations of Muslims have immigrated in the past, are two other European countries where Mawlid is celebrated. In Germany, Mawlid programs are arranged and Muslims gather together in mosques and halls to celebrate the birth of the Prophet. In France, celebrating the birthof the Prophet Muhammad has become a tradition in recent decades and Mawlid festivals have been organized for more than ten years in various cities of the country.

In other countries like Belgium, the birth of Prophet Muhammad is celebrated with a wide range of activities, just as in the other European countries, but the Mawlid celebration that was held in the historic Belford Church in 2004 is the most noteworthy Mawlid celebration to occur to date in Belgium. In Poland it has become traditional to perform prayers in mosques and to visit relatives and friends on this blessed day, whereas in Russia, activities are organized in concert halls with the participation of many leading religious commissaries, members of the Russian parliament, a number of academics, authors and people of different ethnic backgrounds. Poem competitions are arranged to select the best poem to express love for the Prophet. Islamic songs  are sung by music groups and children.


One of the most enthusiastic celebrations is that of the Ukraine. The office of mufti in Ukraine organizes activities for Mawlid and the day is celebrated in large halls with thousands of people participating. The program begins with a recitation of the Quran. Nasheed groups sing Islamic hymns in Arabic, Russian, Turkish and Tatar. The life of the Prophet is told accompanied by a beautiful visual representation. After the program, Mawlid candy is distributed by children to the guests.

In Denmark, there are women associations who organize celebrations for Mawlid. Within the program, great naat/nasheedcompetitions are held for different age categories. The program begins with the recitation of the Holy Quran after Dhohur prayer. Then nasheeds are sung in praise of Prophet Muhammad and speeches are made about the significance of the Mawlid. After presents are distributed to the women and children, the program ends with salaams being sent the Prophet and prayers.

The Mawlid of Prophet Muhammad is celebrated in Austria in different ways, depending on the congregation. While some congregations do not celebrate Mawlid, those that do hold Qur'an recitations and put on performances by Islamic music groups in halls or mosques, which are attended by thousands of Muslims living in Austria.The Mawlid of Prophet Muhammad is celebrated in Austria in different ways, depending on the congregation. While some congregations do not celebrate Mawlid, those that do hold Qur'an recitations and put on performances by Islamic music groups in halls or mosques, which are attended by thousands of Muslims living in Austria.


In Holland, the birth of Prophet Muhammad is celebrated with various activities. Large organizations that last for many days are held in halls and people of different ethnic backgrounds (Moroccan, Arab, Turk, Dutch etc.) are invited. The life of Prophet Muhammad is related to the guests. On the roads, roses that have a small piece of paper with hadiths on them are given passers-by. Aid and food are distributed.

Young girls, whose parents generally prefer to go to the mosques for the celebration of Mawlid, gather at each others houses to celebrate the birth of the Prophet. The program begins with salaams being sent to the Prophet, and then the significance of this greeting is explained. Prayers are performed in congregation and there is a recital of the Quran. In keeping with the Sunnah, milk and dates filled with walnuts are served to the guests. The life of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is told with a visual representation. Poems are recited and Islamic hymns are sung. The program ends with a congregational prayer. At the end of the night, everyone becomes "dua sisters" .

In Greece, thousands of Muslims gather together and march to Syntagma Square in the capital Athens reciting Islamic songs to celebrate the birthday of Prophet Muhammad. Then Holy Quran is recited and the program ends with a mass prayer. 


2) Ibid

عن أبي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه قَالَ:
قَبَّلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الْحَسَنَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ وَعِنْدَهُ الأَقْرَعُ بْنُ حَابِسٍ التَّمِيمِيُّ جَالِسًا‏.‏ فَقَالَ الأَقْرَعُ إِنَّ لِي عَشَرَةً مِنَ الْوَلَدِ مَا قَبَّلْتُ مِنْهُمْ أَحَدًا‏.‏ فَنَظَرَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ مَنْ لاَ يَرْحَمُ لاَ يُرْحَمُ ‏"‏‏
God's Messenger kissed Al-Hasan bin Ali (his grandchild) while Al-Aqra' bin Habis At-Tamim was sitting beside him. Al-Aqra said, "I have ten children and I have never kissed anyone of them", God's Messenger cast a look at him and said, "Whoever is not merciful to others will not be treated mercifully." (Bukhari, Good Manners and Form (Al-Adab), 18)

Title: Tracks from Neyzen Sadreddin Özçimi's album, Sufi Rhythms - Sultan-i Ask Artist: Sadreddin Özçimi